Centenario (50 gold pesos)
This piece was coined in 1921 as hard currency to commemorate the first 100 years (centennial) of the Mexican Independence. Subsequently, in 1931 coinage was discontinued and it was not until 1943 when it started again due to the increasing demand for gold coins prevailing at that time. On the obverse side, the centenario presents one of the National Shield used in the past, and the reverse side symbolizes the Winged Victory having the legendary Ixtaccihuatl and Popocateptl volcanoes on the background.
Azteca (20 gold pesos)
The Azteca was initially coined in 1917 pursuant to the characteristics of the 1905 Monetary Reform. The eagle on this coin has been present in Mexican coinage since 1825. The reverse side features the Aztec Calendar. It is believed that when Hernan Cortés conquered Mexico in 1521, he found the Aztec Calendar at the city's "Templo Mayor". Demolished and buried when the Spaniards destroyed the Templo Mayor, it was rediscovered in 1790.
Coined during the 1905 Monetary Reform, it constitutes the first Republican coinage bearing the reproduction of a national hero: Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, who started the Mexican Independence on September 16th, 1810. The obverse of this coin shows the typical eagle which was used in the National Shield then. The reverse side shows the profile of Hidalgo.
Hidalgo (10 gold pesos)
1/2 Hidalgo (5 gold pesos)
1/4 Hidalgo (2.5 gold pesos)
1/5 Hidalgo (2 gold pesos)
The 2 pesos gold coin was introduced in 1919. It was designed with the National Shield and the typical eagle of that period. On the reverse side of the coin it has the denomination surrounded by a garland wreath.