Anniversary of the first edition of the Literary Work “Don Quijote de la Mancha" by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra
Commemorating the publication of “Don Quijote de la Mancha" by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, means recognizing, as different international governments, institutions and personalities did in 2005, the importance of the work to the Hispano American culture and the world as a whole.
Banco de México celebrated the four hundred years since the work was first published with the issuance of a coin which marks the plastic art of one of Mexico’s most popular and renowned artists, José Guadalupe Posada, displaying on the reverse side the work entitled "Calavera Quijotesca", which highlights how Don Quijote has transcended both time and geographical limitations throughout both Mexico and the world.
80th Anniversary of the founding of Banco de México
Banco de México, which was founded during the presidency of General Plutarco Elías Calles in 1925, is the institution that forms part of the country’s monetary history. Its main priority is economic growth.
In the middle of the coin is the horizontal reproduction of the reverse side of a one-hundred peso banknote cut at its sides showing the image of the Independence Column issued by Banco de México in 1925; in the middle the Banco de México logo followed by the number 2005; in the left-hand field the Mexican mint mark; in the upper field the “$” peso sign followed by the number 100; in the lower field the Roman numeral LXXX; in the exergue the word “ANIVERSARIO” (ANNIVERSARY) in a semicircle. Smooth border.
470th Anniversary of the Mexican Mint
The Mexican mint (Casa de Moneda de México) was the first mint to be created in American by royal charter in 1535 and is one of the institutions with the longest tradition in Mexico.
On the coin, between the center and the right-hand field an image of an old manual minting press; in the upper field the number 1535; in the right-hand field the Mexican mint; in the bottom field the number 2005; in the left-hand field the “$” peso sign followed by the number 100; in the upper semicircle the words “CASA DE MONEDA DE MEXICO"; in the exergue between two points the words "470 ANIVERSARIO” (470 ANNIVERSARY) in a semicircle. Smooth border.
100th Anniversary of the 1905 Monetary Reform
Following the 1905 Monetary Reform coins were given a new formal look through the use of the National Coat of Arms surrounded by the words “ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS” (UNITED MEXICAN STATES) used to this day.
On the reverse side of the coin a bright Phrygian cap with the word "LIBERTAD" (FREEDOM); in the right field the Mexican mint mark and below it the number 2005; in the lower field the “$” peso sign followed by the number 100; in the left-hand field the number 1905; in the upper semicircle, a discontinuous serrated border, and below it in a semicircle the words “REFORMA MONETARIA” (MONETARY REFORM); lower semicircle, a garland with an oak tree branch and a laurel joined by a bow. Smooth border.
The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF): "Children with a kite"
This silver coin was issued to commemorate the Fiftieth Anniversy of The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). The obverse side shows the National Shield while the reverse side displays a scene showing a boy and a girl holding the string of a kite with mountains in the background.
The History of Navigation Program: “Cuauhtémoc School Boat"
The Cuauhtémoc School Boat was built in Spain in 1981 and is known as el "Señor de los Mares". Its main function is to train officers, cadets and crew of the Mexican Navy as well as contribute to forging international friendship and understanding.
75th anniversary of the Mexican Revolution: "Revolución Mexicana"
The commemorative coins of heroic deeds or being outstanding on some kind of sport, allow us to transmit to future generations the recollection of events which have profoundly marked our social life. They also allow us to have memories and feel proud of our past as well as to renew our ardent desires to build a more prosperous Mexico. By virtue of the foregoing, in 1985, silver coins to commemorate the 75 anniversary of the 1910 Mexican Revolution were struck. Such coins have the effigies of heroes of the Revolution such as Emiliano Zapata, Francisco I. Madero, Venustiano Carranza and Francisco Villa, having the Mexican Revolution Monument in the background.
World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)
The WWF World Wide fund for Nature, came into being in 1961. It was established by a small group of people concerned about environmental issues. This organization struggles to preserve the natural and ecological processes by keeping safe from injury, the different species and the diversity of the eco-system. They want to be sure resources are available now and in the future. This group is involved in promoting actions to abate contamination and to considerably lower the exploitation of natural resources.
This coin was created to commemorate the 35th anniversary of the "World Wide Fund for Nature", to help preserve species in extinguishing danger. México participated with the "Wolf" (Canis Lupus), currently in extinguishing danger. The coin shows two animals of such species.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP): "Vaquita" or "Golfa de California porpoise"
The "Vaquita" (Phocoena Sinus) was unknown to the scientific world until 1958 when three skulls were found on the shores of the California Gulf. This is the smallest of all adult cetasea, it's not a common species and is endemic of the Gulf of California. Due to the rarity of this species and also to the commercial fishing activities, it is considered as a species in extinguishing danger. This coin commemorates the XX anniversary of the United Nations Environment Programme.
Mexico’s Participation in the FIFA World Cup
In order to participate in a big international sporting event like the Germany 2006 FIFA World Soccer Cup, Banco de México issued two commemorative coins in fine metals, one in silver (1 Oz.) and another in gold (1/4 Oz.), both with Precolombian designs on the reverse sides (Ball Game). These coins can only be bought at BBVA Bancomer.
On the left-hand side a ball game player on foot corresponding to the Mayan Culture of Chichén Itzá, Yucatán, from the classical period wearing ritual dress consisting of a feathered headdress, loin cloth with jaguar skins covering the hips, a pad on the right knee and jaguar skin wristbands, in the middle a rubber sphere (ball). In the upper right-hand field a stone ring (scorer) decorated with the image of two wavy feathered snakes and below it a football. Aligned in the background the silhouette of a football.
Federal Union of Mexico's States